Main Components of an Access Control System
In recent years, CIOs all over the world have been tasked with the mission of securing their company enterprises networks from internal and external security threats. Within the last decade, IT groups have been faced with the mission of improving the enterprise’s physical access security as also.
Increasingly corporate organizations have become recognized of the advantages needed to utilize/adopt security systems that can grow and expand upon the existing IT and physical security infrastructures.
From scalable security management systems to security employee ID badging technologies, T3 Security Integration provides your organization a future-proof access solution for today that will continue to work with you in the years to come.
Access control can be broken down into five key components
1. Access Control Panels (Brains)
2. Identification Device being detected
3. Access control readers (Authentication)
4. Access Control Software
5. Physical Entry and Exit Hardware
1. Access Control Panels
Access control panels are in essence the central brains of the access control system. Often the access control panel is consist of an electronic circuit board placed inside an enclosed control box equipped with the electrical power supply. In some cases, there is an emergency battery power backup as also to equip for a situation of a power cut.
The quantity of access points or doors you can control is determined by the technical specification and features of the specific access control board you choose.
Many access control boards come as a standard configuration but can also be upgraded as your access control policy change
For example, you might buy a four-door access control board that can be upgraded to control up to eight doors at a later time.
2. Access Control Identification Credentials
Access Control Cards
Some of the types of access control cards include Smart cards (eg. 13.56MHz MIFARE, HID iCLASS, DESFire, DESFIRE Evolution 1, Pico pass) and Long distance cards, which is the most often used detection device in a typical access control setup.
Access control cards come in many design form factor, and they are able to securely hold unique data about the personnel, their authorized access rights and wirelessly communicate with the reader through an RF frequency
The physical distance that the RFID access cards can communicate and the quantity of data that they can hold will depend on the card technical specifications.
Smart Access Control Cards
Smart cards access control systems provides the most economical access control solution for the organization relying upon the performance of a high-security network access control and physical security access control
Smart cards are similar but can also hold extra valuable personal information about the user such as medical info or can even be used as an employee debit card for making payments.
Key Fobs are basically the same as access cards but can be used as a key-chain. Some even have LED lights and sounds that provide alert the user if they’ve been granted or denied entry access.
As a replacement for RFID access cards or key fobs, RFID stickers can be conveniently pasted on the back of a mobile phone or any other handheld object someone brings around most of the time
3. Access Control Readers
These access control readers can wirelessly detect a person who possesses a compatible authenticating device on them such as an RFID Access card or Key fob.
Depending on the proximity reader hardware used, it can detect the personal identification devices at various distances.
In some instances, the person may have to physically swipe an access card on the access control reader, whereas in other situations, it may be able to detect them at a slightly further distance.
PIN code Access Control Keypad
Unlike RFID proximity readers, Alphanumeric keypads require the user to type in a uniquely assigned access PIN code directly into the unit.
Biometric Access Control Readers
Biometric Fingerprint, Finger Vein, and facial recognition access control readers can reliably recognize a user’s unique biometric features to determine appropriate authorization actions for that person.
ID text patented technology actually helps to Maps specific points of the user’s finger for greater reader accuracy and security
These types of long-range proximity readers are often installed for outdoor applications such as management of vehicle access control. They are able to detect a long-range access card at much longer distances than proximity readers
Access Controls Standalone Readers
Many access control readers are required to be connected to an access control board to utilize the management software in order to operate normally. Stand-alone readers are just that, hardware software and controller all self-contained in one simple unit
For extra durability, many access control readers also come in a vandal proof version. Vandal proof models are much resistant to vandalism and are usually weatherproof, making it suitable for outdoor deployment.
Time & Attendance Tracking
Many organization also use the integrated time management features in their access control system as an employee time clocking device.
This allows the access control system to integrate with a payroll management system, allowing companies to precisely record when the staff performed a daily clock in or out during working days.
A full range of time attendance tracking functionalities are configurable with add-on time management software
4. Access Control Software
Although many access control systems come with integrated Access control software, some access control system deployment may need additional software solutions to run more advanced access management features.
The access control program is where you as the building security administrator will manage users access rights, access schedules and more.
There is numerous other add-on software available, such as Time and Attendance Tracking, Visitor access management and Video management.
For more comprehensive information on access control hardware and program, feel free to go our company web page at T3 Security Integration.
5. Access Control Entry and Exit Hardware
Once the user has been given entry access, it must send a digital signal to the door locking mechanism to physically unlatch it.
In such access control implementation, the door needs to have an electronically special equipment that works with the access control solution. The two most common mechanisms are Electric door strikes and Maglocks.
1. Electric Door Strikes
Electric door strikes functionally replaces your existing mechanical door strikes. They are electric powered and will automatically unlock when the authenticated user is given entry access
2. Magnetic Locks
Maglocks are electrically powered magnets that will hold the door closed until the access control system sends an electrical signal to unlock the door.
3. Exit Buttons & Exit Bars
Exit buttons and Bars often go on the opposite side of a door and enable a personnel to efficiently request exit from secured premises. We carry are a wide variety of exit buttons and bars, whereby some are standard electric powered press-to-exit buttons and some are pneumatic.
Pneumatic buttons usually do not require external electrical power so an exit is possible even when electrical power isn’t provided.
There are also exit buttons models with a delay function for more restricted areas where the user must hold for a few seconds before an exit is possible.
6. Access Card Printer and Encoder
Access Card printer and Encoder can save you precious hours by Printing, Reading and Write up to three different card access control technologies in a single pass card.
If required, Optional Holographic anti-counterfeiting features can be added to your access card as well. This option is available with the additional installation of the optional lamination module
The access control system is a perfect solution for issuing staff access control cards for multiple places. Built-in with an Ethernet connection interface and an internal print server, you can easily install our access card printer on your network as quickly as any other network printer.
From great-looking photo ID cards to large volume card printing and encoding applications, the access card printer and the encoder is the right choice.
Being the Singapore’s trusted leader in secure identity management solutions for years, T3 Security Integration is your reliable corporate security solutions vendor that will be there to serve when you need us.
To find out more about the access control solutions T3 Security Integration offers large companies or enterprises, feel free to call us at 81822236 for a no obligation discussion of your needs.